The Halifax Explosion: This Day in Workplace Safety and Health

The aftermath of the 1917 Halifax ship explosion is shown in a file photo. The disaster levelled much of the city 100 years ago and killed about 2,000 people.On Dec. 6, 1917 at 9:04 a.m., one hundred years ago today, the munitions ship Mont-Blanc, carrying nearly 3,000 tons of munitions and explosives exploded in  Halifax Harbor in Nova Scotia, Canada, “with the force of one fifth of the power of the atomic bomb that would destroy Hiroshima at the end of the Second World War.”

As John U. Bacon, author of “Great Halifax Explosion” described in an NPR interview:

This thing shot up a two-mile-high mushroom cloud, probably the world’s first. And it was just an unbelievable cataclysm – one-fifth the power of the atomic bomb. A one-ton anchor flew four miles. A one-ton cannon flew three miles the other direction. Human beings were flown half a mile in all directions. Half of Halifax is gone – 25,000 are homeless, 9,000 are wounded and 2,000 are dead in that split second.

And from a story on CBC radio :

The force of the blast knocked down houses and smashed in windows, sending glass spears into the eyes of people watching the burning ship from behind windows.

The explosion was followed by a tsunami that roared onto shore and then dragged victims into the harbour where they would drown. Fires broke out around the city as wood burning stoves toppled and set houses alight.

The explosion wiped out 325 acres, obliterating the Richmond neighbourhood and leaving 25,000 people — almost half the city — homeless. The explosion levelled most of the city, killing 2,000 and injuring 9,000.

“A reporter from the Toronto Star, who was dispatched to Halifax, reported in one of his stories that usually when he went to a disaster area, there was something to describe,” says Cuthbertson. “In this case, there was nothing to describe. It was simply acres and acres of burning wood and rubble. There was nothing to describe.

The CBC article also has links to some fascinating video of witnesses.

This Day In History

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.Required fields are marked *