Democratic leaders in the US Senate and House of Representatives have introduced legislation that would reverse the Republican’s recent repeal of the Volks Rule, an action that keeps OSHA from being able to enforce the accuracy of injury and illness records.

Congressmen Mark Takano (CA-41), Joe Courtney (CT-02), and Bobby Scott (VA-03), Ranking Member of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, along with Senators Patty Murray (D-WA), Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, and Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) introduced the “Accurate Workplace Injury & Illness Records Restoration Act.” This legislation would reinstate the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) recordkeeping rule that was overturned by a Resolution of Disapproval (H.J. Res. 83) under the Congressional Review Act and signed into law by President Trump on April 3, 2017.

To review for those just tuning in, for 40 years, OSHA was able to cite employers who did not keep complete or accurate injury and illness records over the previous five years. This enabled OSHA to identify deliberate patterns of under reporting and to force changes, not just on those employers’ recordkeeping practices, but on their unsafe work practices. Accurate records are the main way workers and employers can identify health and safety problems in the workplace, and correct them.

This is an opportunity for President Trump is fix a mistake and keep his promise to stand with working families. — Congressman Mark Takano

In 2012, in the “Volks” decision, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals overturned OSHA’s ability to do that, but provided an option for OSHA to issue a new rule explaining more clearly an employer’s ongoing obligation to keep accurate records for five years. Late last year, OSHA issued a rule that remedied the problem and clarified that OSHA may enforce for continuing violations for the failure to record serious work related injuries and illnesses.  Last March, Congress voted to overturn to overturn the Volks Rule, and last month President Trump signed the repeal.

One of the main arguments that Congressman Bradley Byrne (the sponsor of the CRA resolution repealing the Volks Rule) used to repeal the OSHA rule was that the Volks Rule was an illegal OSHA “power grab” because the law sets a 6 month statute of limitations for OSHA to issue a violation. OSHA had argued that failure to keep accurate records for five years was a “continuing violation” and that OSHA had 6 months from that five year period to cite. Byrne argued that “Congress has the authority to write laws — not government agencies. The OSH Act explicitly states that an employer may only be cited for failing to keep proper health and safety records within six months,” and opponents told OSHA that if the agency wanted to cite companies for recordkeeping violations up to five years old, then Congress needed to give OSHA the permission to do that.

Which is exactly what the “Accurate Workplace Injury & Illness Records Restoration Act” would do. According to Rep. Takano, “The Trump administration promised to stand up for America’s workers but it has pursued an aggressive anti-worker agenda. This is an opportunity for President Trump is fix a mistake and keep his promise to stand with working families.”  According to Senator Blumenthal, the bill “ imposes no new costs on employers – in fact, it may increase savings, because injuries are bad for business and cost time and money. Responsible employers want safe workplaces. It’s really that simple.”

Congressman Byrne, this bill removes your main objection to the Volks Rule. Workers need protection and the ball is now in your court. Make workplaces safer for workers in your district and around the country. As National Employment Law Project Director Christine Owen explains:

“Accurate records are essential to identifying and correcting workplace hazards that cause serious workplace injuries. These records form the basis of the national statistics on workplace health and safety. When such injuries are not accurately recorded, patterns of injuries and illnesses are masked from employers, employees, safety professionals and researchers, and the government; and necessary corrective actions cannot be flagged and taken to save life or limb. ​This legislation will restore OSHA’s ability to sanction larger employers in the most dangerous industries for hiding serious workplace injuries and keeping false records.”

Text of the bill can be found here. A fact sheet on the bill can be found here.

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